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Asthma: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Asthma: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Max Lab

Sep 28, 2022

Asthma is a long-term disease in which the airways get narrow and causes swelling which then produces extra mucus. It is a chronic condition, meaning that a person who has asthma has to live with it every day. There is no treatment for asthma but it can be managed using ways so that it does not affect your day-to-day life. People who are diagnosed with asthma start to feel symptoms when the airways tighten, causing inflammation and filling it with mucus. There are three types of asthma namely exercise-induced asthma, occupational asthma which is caused by workplace irritants such as chemicals, gases or dust and allergy-induced asthma. Due to asthma, the airways of the human body always are a little swelled inside the lungs.  The airways hence become extra sensitive when exposed to any virus, allergens or any sort of irritants.

Asthma Triggers

Now that we know about what asthma is. It’s also necessary to understand the triggers to which the symptoms respond and worsen:

  1. Infections such as cold and flu;
  2. Allergies from fur, feather or pollens;
  3. Mould or damp;
  4. Emotions like stress or laughter;
  5. Sudden weather changes;

Once an individual knows the reason asthma is caused due to which specific trigger, trying to avoid these would help control asthma to worsen. Let’s have a look at the various signs and symptoms of asthma along with the reasons:

The major signs and symptoms of asthma are: -

  • Airway Blockage

Usually, when an individual breathes, the bands of muscles around the airways are relaxed which allows the air to move freely. But, in a person who is diagnosed with asthma, the muscles tighten and this makes it harder for the air to pass through the lungs.

  • Airway Irritability

People diagnosed with asthma have very sensitive airways that overreact and narrow down when they come in contact with allergens or viruses that could trigger their asthmatic conditions.

  • Inflammation

Asthma leads to red and swollen bronchial tubes in the lungs. This inflammation can further damage the lungs. It is important to manage asthma to avoid serious problems in the long run.

Besides these, genetics, pollution and modern hygiene standards are believed to be the main reason for the occurrence of asthma in a person. The problem, signs and symptoms of asthma in adults are

  1. Coughing;
  2. Wheezing or making a whistling sound when breathing;
  3. Shortness of breath;
  4. Pain in the chest;
  5. Lack of sleep due to breathing problems;

Signs and symptoms of an asthma attack can differ from person to person. An asthma attack can worsen very quickly. So, it becomes extremely necessary to treat the symptoms right away. Pollutants in the air irritate the airways and are also a cause of how asthma spreads to human beings.

Diagnoses of Asthma

For the diagnosis of asthma the healthcare provider before ordering any test will discuss the personal and medical history and enquire about the signs and symptoms. An individual may also be referred to a lung doctor, called a pulmonologist, or a specialist in allergy and immunology. On the basis of the physical examination, an individual might be ordered a  function test, and chest and sinus x-rays to be sure of the condition. Severe asthma can be dangerous for an individual so it is important to take the prescribed course of medication and visit the healthcare provider frequently to enquire about the adjustment in medications.

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