Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease infecting the lungs. It is spread through droplets present in a person’s sneeze, cough, and spit. A tuberculosis test is done to look for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria responsible for causing this disease. Since tuberculosis is preventable as well as curable, proper diagnosis with a TB test along with other screenings is highly recommended.
Tuberculosis is one of the most common bacterial infections in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 10 million people across the globe had TB in 2021. This is primarily because it is easily transmitted from an infected person’s cough, sneeze, and spit. It can also spread during procedures like organ donation if proper protocols are not followed at a hospital. People living in underdeveloped areas where there is a lack of proper sanitation can get TB. Individuals with HIV/AIDs, autoimmune diseases, cancer, and other medical issues that can compromise their immune system can also get TB. It is recommended to get a TB screening test done in case of any exposure.
Tuberculosis that affects the lungs of a person is known as pulmonary tuberculosis. If this bacterial infection affects other body parts, then it is called extrapulmonary TB. Finding out the type of TB can be diagnosed after a confirmatory test for the disease is done at a pathology lab. A well-priced TB test is highly recommended to understand whether it is in the active or latent form. Active TB is contagious and exhibits while latent TB is inactive and does not necessarily show any signs. Thus, lab tests for the proper diagnosis of tuberculosis are essential.
A bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the main reason behind the spread of TB across the world. It is transmitted from one person to the other during its active form. It has also been observed that HIV/AIDS has further increased the spread of TB due to compromised immunity. Moreover, drug-resistant strains are responsible for the uncontrolled spread of TB in various communities. Cost-effective TB tests on a regular basis are suggested for people who live in underdeveloped regions.
Diagnostic tests for tuberculosis are prescribed to people who exhibit the following symptoms:
If a person shows any of these signs, then getting a TB blood test and TB skin (Montaux) test from a pathology laboratory is suggested for the proper diagnosis of tuberculosis.
Individuals may be at a higher risk of tuberculosis if they recently came in contact with an infected person. They can get a latent tuberculosis blood test for precautionary reasons. Mentioned below are some ways to prevent tuberculosis:
The treatment of tuberculosis includes a physical examination in which the doctor looks for lymph node inflammation. The lungs are also examined by hearing the breathing of an infected person with the help of a stethoscope. Antibiotics for at least six months are prescribed to people with active TB infection. These antibiotics are given based on the age, pre-existing conditions, and overall health of an individual.
The diagnosis of TB is done with a blood test and a skin test. Max Lab ensures that searching for “TB test near me” is made easy as all information about TB screenings is available on its website. A small sample of affected tissue is taken in a reasonably priced TB PCR (biopsy) test to detect this communicable disease early on.
If the results of TB skin and blood tests are positive, then the doctor may prescribe a chest X-ray to monitor the lungs properly. Besides TB image screening, a cost-effective test of the sputum can also help find active infection and drug-resistant strains by analysing the mucus.Read More
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