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Obesity - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Obesity - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Max Lab

Nov 07, 2022

A medical disease known as obesity occurs when excess body fat builds up to the point that it could be harmful to one's health. A person's body mass index (BMI) is a tool used to assess whether they are overweight or obese. Obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher. The risk of illnesses like heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and particular types of cancer rising as a result of obesity. There are several factors that contribute to obesity, including diet, lack of physical activity, genes, and psychological factors. Treatment for obesity typically includes lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise. In some cases, medication or surgery may be recommended.

What is obesity?

A medical disease known as obesity occurs when excess body fat builds up to the point that it could be harmful to one's health. It is determined by body mass index (BMI), and is then assessed for total cardiovascular risk factors, waist-hip ratio, and fat distribution.

BMI is a simple calculation using height and weight. The BMI is used as a screening tool to identify possible weight problems for adults. However, BMI does not directly measure body fatness and some people, such as athletes, may have a high BMI but not be overweight. To determine if a person with a high BMI is overweight, other measures such as waist circumference or skinfold thickness measurements are needed.

The causes of obesity are complex and include genetic, biological, behavioral, social, and cultural influences. These influences interact to produce a pervasive societal problem that increases morbidity and mortality risk. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in India and many other industrialized countries. In addition to its impact on physical health, obesity also takes an enormous toll on emotional well-being, causing or exacerbating feelings of low self-esteem and depression.

The diagnosis of obesity is based on BMI criteria. A BMI of 30 or above indicates obesity. A number of different treatment options are available for obese individuals who wish to lose weight, including behavior modification, dieting, increased physical activity, pharmacotherapy, and surgery. The most effective approach depends on the individual’s situation and motivation level.

Is obesity defined by your weight?

The answer to this question is a little complicated. Obesity is often defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or above. A measurement of body fat based on height and weight is called BMI. However, BMI doesn’t take into account muscle mass, which can make the number higher than it should be for some people. For example, someone who is very muscular might have a high BMI but not be obese.

Other measures of obesity include waist circumference and body fat percentage. Waist circumference is a good indicator of visceral fat, which is the type of fat that surrounds your organs and has been linked to health problems like heart disease and diabetes. A healthy waist circumference for women is 35 inches or less; for men, it’s 40 inches or less. A body fat percentage greater than 30 percent for women or 25 percent for men is also considered obese.

So, while weight is one factor in determining obesity, it’s not the only thing that matters. Body composition, or the ratio of fat to muscle in your body, is also important.

What are the three types of obesity?

There are three types of obesity:

1. Excess body fat: This type of obesity occurs when you have too much body fat. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genes, lifestyle choices, and hormone imbalances.

2. Excess weight: This type of obesity occurs when you weigh more than what is considered healthy for your height. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genes, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions.

3. Body shape: This type of obesity occurs when your body shape is different from what is considered average or healthy. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genes, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions.

What is childhood obesity?

Childhood obesity is a condition where a child has an unhealthy amount of body fat. It’s usually determined by BMI (body mass index), and it’s considered obese when a child’s BMI is at or above the 95th percentile for their age and gender.

Being obese as a child can lead to serious health problems in adulthood, like heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

Childhood obesity can be attributed to a variety of reasons. These consist of:

  • Poor diet: Eating a lot of calories, fat, and sugar might make you gain weight.
  • Lack of physical activity: Kids who are inactive and spend a lot of time sitting down are more likely to be overweight or obese.
  • Family history: If you have relatives who are obese, you’re more likely to be obese yourself. This might be because you share similar genes or lifestyle habits.
  • Certain medical conditions: Some medical conditions can cause weight gain or make it harder to lose weight. These include hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, and Prader-Willi syndrome.

Who is at risk for obesity?

There are many factors that can contribute to a person’s risk for developing obesity. Some of the most common include:

  • Family history. If you have parents or other close relatives who are obese, you’re more likely to be obese yourself.
  • Age. Obesity is most common in adults ages 40 and up. But it’s been on the rise in children and teens in recent years.
  • Gender. Men are more likely to be obese than women. But women are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
  • Ethnicity. Obesity rates tend to be higher among certain ethnic groups, including African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders.
  • Pregnancy. Pregnant women who put on too much weight are more likely to develop obesity later in life.
  • Lack of physical activity. People who don’t get enough exercise are more likely to be obese. This is especially true if they have sedentary jobs and spend most of their free time sitting or lying down instead of being active

How common is obesity in India?

According to the World Health Organization, obesity is one of the biggest global health challenges. In India, it is estimated that over 15% of the population is obese. The prevalence of obesity in India has been increasing in recent years, and it is now one of the most common health problems in the country.

There are a number of factors that contribute to the high rate of obesity in India. One of the main reasons is the change in lifestyle and diet. In urban areas, people are more likely to eat processed and fast food, and to lead sedentary lifestyles. This combination of unhealthy eating habits and lack of physical activity is a recipe for weight gain.

Other factors that can contribute to obesity include genetics, hormonal problems, certain medications, and psychological factors such as stress or emotional eating. Obesity can also be caused by medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or Prader-Willi syndrome.

Obesity can lead to a number of serious health problems, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, and certain types of cancer. It can also cause psychological problems such as low self-esteem and depression. If you are obese, it is important to talk to your doctor about ways to lose weight safely and improve your overall health.

What are the complications of obesity?

There are many complications associated with obesity. These include an increased risk of developing heart disease, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, joint problems, and certain types of cancer.

Additionally, psychological issues like sadness and low self-esteem can be brought on by obesity.                              

Weight-loss surgery can help to improve or resolve many of the complications associated with obesity. However, it is important to remember that surgery is a serious step and is not right for everyone. Talk to your doctor about all of your options before making a decision.

How does obesity affect my body?

Obesity can have a significant impact on your body, both in the short and long term. In the short term, carrying excess weight can lead to a number of health problems, such as joint pain, breathing difficulties, sleep apnea, and increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In the long term, obesity can cause even more serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, certain types of cancer and osteoarthritis.

One of the most immediate effects of obesity is an increase in your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This is because excess fat makes it harder for your body to control blood sugar levels. If you already have diabetes, being obese can make it harder to manage your condition.

Carrying excess weight also puts strain on your joints and muscles. This can lead to joint pain and difficulty moving around. Obesity can also worsen existing conditions such as arthritis.

Being obese significantly increases your risk of developing heart disease. This is because extra fat around your waistline raises your cholesterol levels and makes it more difficult for your heart to pump blood around your body. Obesity also raises your blood pressure, which further increases the strain on your heart.

Being obese also means you’re more likely to suffer from a stroke. This is because excess weight can narrow or block the arteries that supply blood to your brain. Obesity can also cause other problems such as sleep apnea (where you stop breathing for brief periods during sleep)

What causes obesity?

Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic factors. Other potential causes include medications, hormonal problems, and psychiatric disorders.

Excessive food intake is the most common cause of obesity. People who consume more calories than they burn off are at risk for becoming obese. A sedentary lifestyle is another major contributor to obesity. People who don't get enough physical activity are more likely to gain weight and become obese. Genetics also play a role in obesity. Some people are predisposed to being overweight or obese due to their genes and family history. If you have a parent or close relative who is obese, you're more likely to be obese as well. Medications, such as steroids and some antidepressants, can also lead to weight gain and obesity. Hormonal problems, such as an underactive thyroid gland or Cushing's syndrome, can also cause obesity. Psychiatric disorders such as binge eating disorder and depression can also cause people to overeat and become obese.

What are the Symptoms of obesity?

The main symptoms of obesity are an excessive amount of body fat, and a high Body Mass Index (BMI). Obesity can also lead to a number of other health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnea, and certain types of cancer.

If you are obese, you are more likely to suffer from one or more of the following health problems:

How is obesity diagnosed?

A diagnosis of obesity is usually made when an individual has a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher. A measurement of body fat based on height and weight is called BMI. Individuals with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 are considered overweight, while those with a BMI of 30 or higher are considered obese.

Obesity can also be diagnosed using waist circumference measurements. Individuals with a waist circumference of 40 inches or more are at increased risk for obesity-related health problems.

If you are concerned that you may be obese, talk to your doctor about your weight and your risk for obesity-related health problems. Your doctor can help you develop a plan to lose weight and improve your health

How is obesity treated?

How to cure obesity is a complex issue with no universal solution. The best approach depends on the individual’s overall health, age, and weight-related health concerns.

That said, there are a few general principles that apply to most people who are trying to lose weight. First, it’s important to make lifestyle changes including eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise. These changes should be tailored to the individual so that they can be sustainable long-term.

In some cases, medication may be necessary in addition to lifestyle changes. For example, people with obesity who have diabetes may need medication to help control their blood sugar levels. People with severe obesity may also benefit from surgery to help them lose weight.

The bottom line is that obesity is a complex problem and there is no single “right” way to treat it. The ideal course of action is determined by each person's particular circumstances.

What are the types of weight loss surgery?

There are several types of weight loss surgery, which are also called bariatric surgery. The most common type is gastric bypass surgery, which helps you lose weight by making your stomach smaller and allowing food to bypass part of your small intestine. Other types of weight loss surgery include sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric banding, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch.

How can I prevent obesity?

Obesity can be prevented by making healthy lifestyle choices and maintaining a balanced diet. A healthy lifestyle includes being physically active, eating a balanced diet, and managing stress.

To maintain a healthy weight, focus on eating mostly fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Limit added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium. And avoid processed foods. Spend at least 30 minutes each day of the week being physically active. Walking is a good way to start. If you have trouble fitting in exercise, try 10-minute bursts of activity throughout the day. Also, try to manage stress in healthy ways. Consider talking to a therapist or counselor if you’re struggling with emotional eating or other issues that might contribute to obesity.

Which lifestyle changes can help with weight loss?

There are many lifestyle changes you can make to lose weight. The most important thing is to find what works for you and stick with it. Here are some tips:

  • Cut down on calories. This means eating smaller portions, choosing leaner proteins, and avoiding high-calorie foods and drinks.
  • Be more active. Exercise burns calories and helps build muscle, which can help you burn more calories even when you're at rest.
  • Change your eating habits. Make sure you're eating healthy, whole foods and avoid processed, sugary, and fatty foods.
  • Get enough sleep. Sleep deprivation can lead to weight gain by affecting hormones that regulate hunger and fullness.
  • manage stress levels. Stress can cause emotional eating, which can result in weight gain.


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