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Home > Disease > Kidney Disease - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis | Max Lab

Kidney Disease - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis | Max Lab

Kidney Disease - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis | Max Lab

Kidney disease, also called nephritis or pyelonephritis, is a longstanding problem in the body that can lead to renal failure. There are many types of kidney disease such as acute, chronic, and sometimes even genetic. Chronic kidney disease will be the main topic of this article.


The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that are located in the back of the abdominal cavity. They are in charge of cleansing the body of waste materials and filtering the blood. The kidney also regulates the level of fluid in the body and controls the production of hormones.

Causes of Kidney Disease

There are many possible causes of kidney disease. Some causes include:

- Diabetes: High blood sugar can damage the kidneys

- High blood pressure: This can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys

- Glomerulonephritis: This is a type of inflammation of the kidney that can be caused by an infection or autoimmune disorder

- Kidney stones: These can block the flow of urine and cause damage to the kidneys

- Polycystic kidney disease: This is a genetic disorder that causes large cysts to form in the kidneys

What are the Symptoms of kidney disease?

The severity of the ailment can affect the symptoms of renal disease. Early on, there could be absolutely no symptoms. Symptoms that emerge as the condition worsens include:

- Fatigue: Kidney disease can cause fatigue in several ways. Anemia, for example, is a common complication of kidney disease and can cause fatigue. Additionally, the kidneys play an important role in regulating fluid levels in the body, and when they are not functioning properly, imbalances can occur that can lead to fatigue.

- Weakness: There are many possible causes of kidney weakness. Some common causes include dehydration, malnutrition, and certain medical conditions. Dehydration can cause the kidneys to become weak and unable to function properly.

- Loss of appetite: If your kidney disease is causing you to lose your appetite, there are a few things you can do to try and regain it. First, make sure you're drinking plenty of fluids throughout the day. This will help keep your body hydrated and may make you feel less nauseous. Eat frequent, small meals rather than large ones.

- Swelling in the ankles, feet, or legs: There are many possible causes of swelling in the ankles, feet, or legs. One possibility is kidney disease. Kidney disease can cause fluid to build up in the body, which can lead to swelling in the extremities. Kidney disease is a serious condition and should be treated by a doctor.

Other symptoms can be: persistent thirst, frequent urination (especially at night), pain or pressure in the chest, difficulty breathing.

How is kidney disease diagnosed?

There are a few different ways that kidney disease can be diagnosed. A common method is through a blood test, which can check for levels of creatinine and urea in the blood. If these levels are high, it may indicate that the kidneys are not functioning properly. Another way to diagnose kidney disease is through a urine test, which can check for protein or red blood cells in the urine. If either of these is present in high levels, it may indicate kidney damage. Imaging tests such as an ultrasound or CT scan can also be used to diagnose kidney disease.

What is the treatment for kidney disease?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best course of treatment for kidney disease will vary depending on the individual case. However, some common treatments for kidney disease include dialysis, renal transplantation, and medication.

When to seek a doctor?

It's critical to get medical help if you experience any of the following signs or symptoms:

-Blood in your urine


-Persistent pain in your side or back

-Unexplained weight loss

-Swelling in your ankles, feet, or legs

If you have any concerns about your kidney health, it is always best to speak with a doctor.


The kidney is a vital organ that helps to filter waste from the blood and excrete it from the body in urine. Kidney disease can lead to a build-up of toxins in the blood, which can cause serious health problems. If you think you may have kidney disease, it is important to see a doctor so that they can diagnose and treat the condition as soon as possible.

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