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Tuberculosis - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Tuberculosis - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Max Lab

Jan 06, 2023

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs. It can also affect other parts of your body such as the brain, spine, and kidneys. Tuberculosis can spread from one infected person to another through coughing or sneezing. Some people who are suffering from latent tuberculosis infection do not feel any symptoms. However, individuals with weakened immune systems can experience an active form of tuberculosis. The TB test helps doctors to find out whether you are suffering from Tuberculosis or not. The doctor may ask you to get Tuberculosis tests done in case you show certain symptoms of Tuberculosis such as feelings of sickness, weakness, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. If the TB test values are in the normal range, it means that you are not suffering from Tuberculosis.

Who can get Tuberculosis?

Anyone can get Tuberculosis regardless of age and gender especially if they have come into contact with an infected person. You are more at risk if you have lately visited a region where the majority of people are infected with Tuberculosis. In either of the scenarios, it is recommended that you get the TB Gold test done in case you have come in contact with an infected person.

Types of Tuberculosis

There are basically two types of Tuberculosis - active and latent. In active Tuberculosis, the patient will clearly show the symptoms of Tuberculosis. On the other hand, in latent Tuberculosis, the patient remains asymptomatic.

Causes of Tuberculosis

The main cause of Tuberculosis is the bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is spread from one infected person to another through coughing and sneezing. However, there are several other factors that might be responsible for the spread of Tuberculosis.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

In the case of latent Tuberculosis, the person will not show any symptoms of Tuberculosis. However, if an individual is suffering from active Tuberculosis, then they will certainly show various symptoms of being infected. These include: -

Prevention of Tuberculosis

The best way to prevent Tuberculosis is to keep your immune system strong. Apart from that, avoid being in contact with people who have active Tuberculosis. Individuals with latent Tuberculosis can seek medical assistance to prevent their condition from becoming more severe.

Treatment of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis has caused several deaths in different parts of the world. However, it is curable as long as the patient is taking their daily medicines. The most difficult part is to remember to take your medicines since it takes up to six months to cure Tuberculosis. Taking medication erratically can cause the remaining bacteria in the body to multiply. The best way to cure Tuberculosis is to follow Directly Observed Therapy (DOT). A healthcare expert makes sure that you take your medicine on time for the next six months. The DOT method has proven to be quite effective when it comes to eradicating Tuberculosis. TB test names are TB skin test (TST) and TB blood test.

Suggested Tests for Tuberculosis Patients

Tuberculosis is easier to treat when detected early, which makes regular checks crucial for everyone, especially for people who have higher risk factors for Tuberculosis. At Max Lab, one can choose from an extensive range of test panels that are designed to help keep a check on your health. Our panels include several tests for Tuberculosis, such as TB skin test (TST) and Tuberculosis blood test that one can choose from based on what their doctor prescribes. You can book a Tuberculosis test online for TB test at home at affordable prices along with convenient at-home sample collection. Within 24 hours of sample collection, test results are prepared and can be either picked up at the lab or downloaded from our website. Once the report is available, it is best to consult the doctor who can interpret the results, perform a proper diagnosis, and suggest the right course of treatment or prescribe further tests, if required. Search for a Max Lab nearest to your location to book a TB Test at an affordable price.  


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