A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test that gives information about the different cells that make up blood. The CBC test helps doctors diagnose, monitor, and screen for a wide variety of diseases, conditions, disorders, and infections.
A complete blood count (CBC) is a test that is performed to screen for a number of disorders that can affect overall health. The test helps determine if the blood cell counts are within the normal range or if there is an increase or decrease in any. It can help in the detection of a wide range of illnesses, including anaemia, infections, and even cancer. The CBC measures several components of the blood, including the red blood cells (RBC), which carry oxygen; white blood cells (WBC), which fight infection; haemoglobin (Hb), the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells; haematocrit, which is the proportion of red blood cells to the fluid component, or plasma, in the blood; and platelets, which aid in blood clotting.
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Haemoglobin, Packed Cell, Volume, Total Leucocyte Count (TLC), Corrected TLC, RBC Count, MCV, MCH, MCHC, Platelet Count, MPV, RDW, Differential Cell Count, Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Basophils, Band Cell, Metamyelocyte Cell, Myelocyte Cell, Promyelocyte Cell, Blasts, Atypical Large Cell, Prolymphocytes, Promonocytes, Plasma Cell, Atypical Monocytoid cell, Atypical Plasma Cell, Atypical Cell, Other Leukocyte, Diff % calc, Absolute Leukocyte Count, Absolute Neutrophil Count, Absolute Lymphocyte Count, Absolute Monocyte Count, Absolute Eosinophil Count, Absolute Basophil Count, Advice, Comment, Opinion, Nucleated RBCs, Atypical Lymphoid Cell
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A complete blood count or CBC test is a blood test that is used to check the overall health of an individual and to diagnose a wide range of diseases, such as anaemia, infection, and leukaemia. A CBC test that shows abnormal changes in the level of cell counts may suggest that an individual may have an underlying medical condition that needs to be examined further. If an individual is experiencing weakness, exhaustion, fever, inflammation, discolouration of the skin, or bleeding, their doctor may recommend a CBC. Besides, if the person is taking medications that impact blood cell counts, a complete blood count might help to monitor any negative influence on the blood count.
Doctors may prescribe a complete blood count test as a part of their routine check-up or when they need a detailed evaluation of the overall health of the person. The test helps to detect and monitor disorders, infections, immune system problems, blood cancers, and so on. A complete blood count is a standard blood test that is usually prescribed by doctors as part of a routine examination. The price of a CBC test may vary from one lab to another. However, the difference is not much significant.
The main purpose of a CBC test is to examine the individual’s overall health and help in the diagnosis of a wide range of illnesses such as anaemia, infection, and leukaemia. A CBC or hemogram test that also includes an ESR test helps the doctor to determine the health of an individual more precisely. A complete blood count can help determine what's causing signs and symptoms like fatigue, exhaustion, fever, inflammation, discolouration of the skin, or bleeding. The test can also help verify a diagnosis if an individual's doctor believes they have an infection.
A CBC test shows any abnormality in one’s blood count. Abnormal test results indicate an underlying health issue that can be resolved by improving one's diet or taking supplements. Doctors may order a CBC & ESR test to detect the following health issues:
Also, a doctor can use the test results to analyse the influence of medicines and therapies such as chemotherapy on an individual’s body.
A low blood count can cause fatigue and weakness in an individual. Besides, the person stands at a higher risk of contracting infections. In such cases, a body with a low blood count may not be able to protect itself, which can lead to health complications. A complete blood count test helps in measuring the total number of white blood cells in the blood and any disorders related to it like autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, bacterial or viral infection, etc. Besides, a lower blood count may also lead to anaemia where the patient’s body may struggle to supply oxygen to the tissues, making them feel fatigued and short of breath. To diagnose anaemia, the doctor may perform a physical examination and prescribe a complete blood count test to determine the levels of red blood cells and haemoglobin in the blood.
Yes, a complete haemogram test may provide a broad screening panel for diagnosing the presence of any diseases and infections in the body. A complete haemogram test includes the screening of three core components of the blood: RBC, WBC, and Platelets. This is a simple yet very insightful test that helps a doctor understand if the person has a bacterial or a viral infection. The main advantage of a complete haemogram test is that it detects the slightest of abnormalities present in the bloodstream, offering crucial information regarding an underlying medical condition if exists.
A CBC test counts for the different elements in the blood. These elements are used to diagnose diseases and infections that can affect the health of an individual. Especially during pregnancy, doctors prescribe women to go through a complete CBC test to detect any abnormal changes in the blood components. A complete CBC test in pregnancy may help detect various health problems like anaemia, clotting disorder, and other infections. While the higher levels of CBC test in pregnancy may indicate heart disease, autoimmune disorder, bone marrow disease, or any infection present in the body, a lower CBC level may denote anaemia, iron deficiency, or medication side effects.
The MCV, MCH, and MCHC are the red blood cell indices in the CBC medical test. MCH stands for ‘mean corpuscular haemoglobin.’ The MCH level refers to the average amount of haemoglobin present in the red blood cells. MCV stands for ‘mean corpuscular volume.’ It measures the size of the average red blood cells. It is also used to diagnose blood disorders. MCHC stands for ‘mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration.’ It measures the average concentration of haemoglobin per unit volume in a single blood cell. The main difference between MCH and MCHC tests is that MCHC measurement considers the size of the blood cell while MCH does not.
Several factors affect haemoglobin levels in hemogram blood tests, including gender, age, physical health, and lifestyle habits. This test is done to check the overall health and diagnose an underlying medical condition in a person if any. In case the haemoglobin levels are higher than normal, it indicates a rare blood disease called polycythaemia. On the other hand, low haemoglobin levels indicate that the individual has anaemia.
Yes, stress can affect CBC results. This test is done to evaluate the overall health of a person and detect any medical disorders. A high level of stress affects the lymphocyte level, red blood cell count, and platelet count. Stress can cause many conditions, such as depression, anxiety, or psoriasis. The WBC count increases with an increase in symptoms of such a medical condition. A normal CBC test result indicates that the blood cell parameters are in the reference range. A higher or lower test result indicates an underlying medical condition or low vitamin levels.