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A blood test for cold agglutinins is performed to look for diseases that make the body produce certain types of antibodies known as cold agglutinins. The immune system typically produces cold agglutinins in response to infections. At low temperatures, they cause red blood cells to aggregate (agglutinate).
The Cold Agglutinin Test (CAT) is used to determine the presence of antibodies that cause erythrocyte agglutination, or clumping. These antibodies, known as cold agglutinins, are produced in response to an infection with a virus, such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), or bacteria, such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Cold Agglutinin Disease is diagnosed with the Cold Agglutination Test. This test measures the level of antibodies in the blood that are responsible for causing the disease. The higher the level of antibodies, the more severe the disease.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should take a Cold Agglutinin Test:
-Nasal congestion or discharge
The normal range for the CAT is 0-9 units/ml. This means that if you have a level of 10 or higher, you may have an increased risk of developing complications from your infection. If you think you may have an infection, it's important to see a doctor so they can determine if you need treatment.
There are a few ways that you can lower your cold agglutination test results. One way is to avoid exposure to cold temperatures. Another way is to take medications that improve blood circulation, such as aspirin or ibuprofen. You can also try wearing warm clothing and using heating pads or warm compresses.
Yes, the Cold Agglutinin Test is safe. There is no risk of infection or allergic reaction from this test.
Before having a cold agglutinin test, tell your doctor if you have:
You will also need to temporarily stop taking any medications that can affect your results, such as:
No, fasting is not required for the Cold Agglutinin Test.
Yes, home sample collection is available for Cold Agglutination Test. One can opt for home collection while booking a test through Max Lab.
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