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Home > Symptoms > Dizziness Symptoms - Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment | Max Lab

Dizziness Symptoms - Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment | Max Lab

Dizziness Symptoms - Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment | Max Lab


Dizziness often stems from many sources which could be environmental, pharmaceutical related, or even due to an underlying medical condition.

What is Dizziness?

Sometimes dizziness can be as simple as feeling lightheaded and unsteady on your feet. Other times it could happen without an obvious cause, or even before another symptom. Dizziness can mean something is wrong with your cardiovascular system or with the brain itself.

Dizziness often occurs when you're moving, standing, or lying down. Other signs that indicate you’re dizzy include:

  • Faint.
  • Lightheaded.
  • Nauseous.
  • Unsteady.
  • Woozy.

Types of Dizziness

There are many different types of dizziness, each with its own set of symptoms. Below is a list of some of the most common types of dizziness:

1. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) - This type of dizziness is caused by a problem with the inner ear. Symptoms include a feeling of spinning when you move your head, and it can be triggered by changes in position (such as lying down or looking up).

2. Labyrinthitis - This is an inner ear infection that can cause dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms usually last for a few days or weeks.

3. Meniere's disease - This is a condition that affects the inner ear and can cause episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus (ringing in the ears).

4. Vestibular migraines - These migraines can cause vertigo, as well as other symptoms such as nausea, light sensitivity, and loud noises making your symptoms worse.

5. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) - This condition is characterized by an abnormal increase in heart rate when you stand up from sitting or lying down. It can also cause lightheadedness, fainting, and fatigue.

Symptoms of Dizziness

There are a variety of symptoms that can be associated with dizziness. These can include lightheadedness, feeling off balance, feeling like the room is spinning, or feeling like you are going to faint. Dizziness can also be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sweating, or blurred vision. Dizziness can be a symptom of anemia during pregnancy, which occurs when a woman doesn't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to her body's tissues. Anemia can result from iron deficiency, a common occurrence in pregnancy due to increased blood volume and the needs of the developing baby.

  • Lightheadedness: One symptom of dizziness is lightheadedness. This is when you feel like you are going to faint or pass out. You may feel like your head is spinning or that the room is spinning around you. You may also have trouble keeping your balance and standing up. It's crucial to visit a doctor as soon as possible if you have any of these symptoms.
  • Feeling off Balance: If you’re feeling off balance, it may be a sign that something is wrong. Dizziness can be caused by many things, including inner ear infections, anxiety, and low blood sugar. If you’re feeling lightheaded or unsteady, try to sit or lie down and drink some water. If the dizziness doesn’t go away, it may be a good idea to see a doctor.
  • Faintness: There are many different types of dizziness, and each one has its own set of causes and symptoms. One type of dizziness is called faintness. Faintness is a sudden, temporary loss of consciousness. It can be caused by a variety of things, including low blood sugar, anxiety, or dehydration. If you feel faint, sit or lie down immediately and drink some water or eat something sugary to raise your blood sugar.
  • Blurred Vision: If you experience blurred vision along with your dizziness, it could be a sign of a more serious condition. Blurred vision can be a symptom of migraines, strokes, or other conditions that cause changes in blood pressure or circulation. If you have any other symptoms along with your blurred vision, be sure to see a doctor right away.

How to Diagnose Dizziness

Dizziness can be difficult to diagnose because it is a symptom of many different conditions. It is important to see a doctor if you are experiencing dizziness, as it could be a sign of a serious medical problem.

There are several tests that can be used to diagnose dizziness. These include:

  • Medical history: Your doctor will ask about your medical history and any medications you are taking. They will also ask about your symptoms and when they occur
  • Physical exam: Your doctor will check your blood pressure and heart rate. They will also look for any signs of dehydration or anemia.
  • Lab tests: Your doctor may order blood tests or other lab tests to rule out other conditions.
  • Imaging tests: If your doctor suspects a certain condition, they may order an MRI or CT scan.

Causes of Dizziness

There are many different causes of dizziness, and it can be difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. However, some common causes of dizziness include:

  • Dehydration
  • Low blood sugar
  • Anemia
  • Inner ear problems
  • Heart conditions
  • Side effects of medications

To rule out any serious underlying conditions, it's crucial to see a doctor if you experience dizziness. In many cases, dizziness is benign and can be relieved with simple home remedies. However, if you experience severe or persistent dizziness, it is important to seek medical attention.

Treatments for Dizziness

There are many different potential treatments for dizziness, depending on the underlying cause. If the cause is due to an inner ear infection or inflammation, a course of antibiotics may be prescribed. If dizziness is caused by low blood pressure, medications may be prescribed to raise blood pressure. If anemia is the cause, treatment will focus on correcting the underlying iron deficiency.

If the cause of dizziness is unknown or if no obvious cause can be found, vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) may be recommended. VRT is a type of physical therapy that helps retrain the brain to better process signals from the vestibular system. This can help lessen or eliminate symptoms of dizziness.


Dizziness can be a symptom of many different underlying health conditions. If you're experiencing dizziness, it's important to see a doctor to rule out any potential medical causes. Once any underlying health issues have been ruled out, there are several things you can do to help lessen the symptoms of dizziness, such as drinking plenty of fluids and avoiding sudden movements. If you're struggling with dizziness, don't hesitate to reach out for help from a medical professional or loved one.

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