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Ovarian Cysts - Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Ovarian Cysts - Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Max Lab

Jun 08, 2023

If you're here, chances are you or someone you know may be experiencing symptoms related to this condition. While ovarian cysts are relatively common and often harmless, it's important to understand the causes, symptoms, treatment options, and preventative measures associated with them. In this article, we'll dive into everything you need to know about ovarian cysts so that you can feel empowered with knowledge and make informed decisions regarding your health.

What Are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in the ovaries, which are a part of the female reproductive system. These sacs can grow anywhere from a few millimeters to several centimeters in size and may be filled with either clear or mucous-like fluid.

There are different types of ovarian cysts, including functional cysts and complex cysts. Functional cysts form during the menstrual cycle when an egg isn't properly released, while complex ovarian cysts contain both solid and liquid components.

Most women will experience at least one ovarian cyst at some point in their lives, but many won't even realize it due to a lack of symptoms. In fact, small ovarian cysts often go away on their own without any treatment necessary.

However, larger or more symptomatic ovarian cysts may require medical attention to diagnose and treat properly. It's important for women who experience persistent pain or discomfort related to their reproductive organs to seek out medical care promptly so that they can receive appropriate treatment if necessary.

What Causes Ovarian Cysts?

There is no single known cause of ovarian cysts. In fact, there are many different factors that may contribute to their development. One of the most common causes is hormonal imbalances, particularly with estrogen and progesterone levels.

Other potential causes include pregnancy, endometriosis, pelvic infections, previous surgeries on the ovaries or uterus, and even certain medications such as fertility drugs. In rare cases, ovarian cysts may be a symptom of a more serious condition such as ovarian cancer.

It's important to note that while many women will experience at least one ovarian cyst during their lifetime, not all will require treatment or present any symptoms whatsoever. However, it's also essential for women who do experience persistent pain or other concerning symptoms to seek medical advice in case further investigation is needed.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Symptoms of ovarian cysts can vary greatly from person to person. Some women may experience no symptoms at all, while others may have severe pain and discomfort.

One of the most common symptoms of an ovarian cyst is pelvic pain or pressure. This pain can be dull or sharp and may occur on one side of the abdomen or both sides. It may also become worse during sex or menstruation.

Other symptoms of ovarian cysts include bloating, swelling in the abdomen, difficulty urinating, and changes in bowel movements such as constipation or diarrhea. In some cases, a woman with an ovarian cyst may also experience irregular periods or abnormal vaginal bleeding.

In rare cases, an ovarian cyst can cause more serious symptoms such as fever and vomiting. If you experience any sudden and severe abdominal pain along with these symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately.

Because many of these symptoms are similar to those caused by other conditions such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids, it’s important to see a doctor if you suspect you have an ovarian cyst. Early detection and treatment can help prevent complications down the line.

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

When it comes to treating ovarian cysts, the approach and method largely depend on the type of cyst and its severity. In most cases, functional cysts tend to go away without any treatment within a few menstrual cycles. However, if they persist or cause discomfort, your doctor may recommend birth control pills that prevent ovulation and reduce the risk of new cysts forming.

If you have a larger or more complex ovarian cyst that causes pain or other symptoms like nausea and vomiting, your doctor may suggest surgery to remove it. This procedure is known as an ovarian cystectomy and can be done laparoscopically using small incisions.

In some rare cases where there's a suspicion of cancerous cells in the ovaries, your doctor may recommend removing one or both ovaries along with the fallopian tubes - this is called oophorectomy.

It's important to note that not all ovarian cysts require treatment unless they cause severe symptoms or complications; therefore, regular monitoring through ultrasounds is often sufficient for smaller asymptomatic ones.

Prevention of Ovarian Cysts

Preventing ovarian cysts is not always possible, but there are certain steps that women can take to reduce their risk of developing them. One important step is maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise and healthy eating habits. Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of ovarian cysts.

Another way to prevent ovarian cysts is by taking hormonal birth control pills. These pills can help regulate hormone levels in the body, which may lower the risk of developing follicular or corpus luteum cysts.

It's also essential for women to have regular gynecological check-ups and pelvic exams. This helps catch any potential issues early on before they develop into more severe problems such as large or ruptured cysts.

Women who suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) should work with their doctor to manage this condition properly. PCOS increases the likelihood of developing ovarian cysts, so keeping symptoms under control can help prevent future issues.

Maxlab offers an exhaustive list of lab tests for a comprehensive diagnosis of your health. Take a look at Histo Biopsy ovary / cyst Test for detecting ovarian cancer in your body.

When to See a Doctor

Knowing when to consult a doctor for ovarian cysts is crucial in ensuring proper care and treatment. While most ovarian cysts are harmless, there are instances where medical attention may be necessary.

If you experience sudden, severe pain in the pelvic area, it could indicate a ruptured cyst or another serious issue that requires immediate medical assistance. Additionally, persistent abdominal discomfort or bloating should also prompt a visit to your healthcare provider.

Menstrual irregularities such as missed periods or unusually heavy bleeding can signal hormonal imbalances related to ovarian cysts. In these cases, consulting a gynecologist would be beneficial for further evaluation and management.

Another sign that warrants a doctor's appointment is if you notice changes in urinary frequency or bowel movements. These symptoms might suggest pressure on nearby organs caused by enlarged cysts requiring intervention for relief.


Ovarian cysts are a common condition that affects many women. While most ovarian cysts are benign and go away on their own, some can cause serious health problems if left untreated. It's important to be aware of the symptoms and causes of ovarian cysts so you can seek medical attention if necessary.

If you experience any symptoms of ovarian cysts, such as abdominal pain or irregular periods, talk to your doctor right away. They can perform tests to determine the type and size of the cyst, and recommend appropriate treatment options.

While it's not always possible to prevent ovarian cysts from developing, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. Maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and using birth control pills may all help lower your chances of developing these growths.

Remember that early detection is key when it comes to treating ovarian cysts effectively. Stay vigilant about monitoring your menstrual cycle and any changes in your body, and don't hesitate to seek medical attention if something seems off.

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