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Home > Disease > Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis

Overview of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is a condition which occurs when the blood flow to your heart is reduced & the heart muscle does not receive enough blood. It can cause chest pain or discomfort that comes back time and again. The term "Ischemic" refers to a condition in which a body part is not receiving enough oxygen-rich blood.

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is brought on by plaque build-up on the coronary artery walls. Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) symptoms can strike unexpectedly and without prior notice, but they are more frequent during times of excitement or physical activity.

Treatment options include medicine, lifestyle modifications, and sometimes surgery.

This article describes the symptoms, causes, and treatments for Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD). Continue reading to find out how to reduce your risk of developing this type of heart disease.

What is Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)?

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is also known as coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease.

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is the most common type of heart disease around the globe, according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Additionally, it is the main cause of heart attacks.

The arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle are most frequently affected by this condition when blood cholesterol particles build up on their walls. Eventually, plaque-like deposits may develop. These plaques are a result of inflammation. The arteries get narrow because of these plaque deposits & as a result, the heart muscle receives less oxygenated blood. This process is called atherosclerosis.

When you push yourself or become excited, you could have chest pain or discomfort if you have Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD). The heart needs more blood flow during these periods. The term for this kind of chest pain is "angina". As plaques slowly obstruct the arteries, the disease's signs and symptoms may take time to develop. Other times, however, the symptoms may appear quickly if an artery gets blocked suddenly. Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) can occur in patients who show no symptoms at all. This is described by the term "Silent ischemia"

Usually, a heart attack is the first warning sign for someone who has silent ischemia. Others may first experience excruciating chest pain and difficulty in breathing.

What is Silent Ischemia?

Ischemic episodes may be common among people who are unaware of them. They can suddenly get a heart attack. Silent ischemia episodes may go undiagnosed in angina patients. Additionally, those with diabetes or a history of heart attacks are particularly vulnerable to developing silent ischemia.

Two tests that are frequently used to diagnose this issue are an exercise stress test and wearing a Holter monitor, a battery-operated portable tape recorder that continually measures and records your electrocardiogram (ECG), typically for 24-48 hours. Other tests might also be applied.

What are the Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)?

Ischaemic Heart Disease decreases the amount of blood flowing through the coronary arteries. These arteries deliver blood that is rich in oxygen to the heart muscle. Different symptoms might result from the heart receiving less blood and oxygen. The symptoms can vary from one person to person. Some of the common ones include:

  • Chest pain, pressure, heaviness, or tightness that spreads to the arms, back, or other places.
  • Stomach Gas or indigestion
  • Increased work rate, usually when exercising

Life threatening signs and symptoms

A heart attack may result from ischaemic heart disease. Call the Doctor or hospital if you experience any of these serious symptoms, including:

  • Chest pain or pressure usually on the left side of the body that spreads the jaw, neck, shoulder, or arm.
  • Clammy skin
  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Rapid breathing or shortness of breath
  • Dizziness or near fainting

What are the Causes of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)?

In Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD), the amount of oxygenated blood that reaches the heart muscle is decreased due to narrowing coronary arteries. The heart muscle does not get the amount of oxygen it needs to work effectively if there is not enough blood flow.

Atherosclerosis patients are more likely to have Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD). This is a plaque build-up on the coronary artery walls. Blood clots, coronary artery spasms, or serious conditions that raise the heart's oxygen demand can also be to blame for the lower blood flow.

Risk Factors for Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)?

There are numerous factors that increase the chances of developing Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD). Not everyone at risk will get Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD). Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) risk factors include:

How to Reduce your Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)

Your risk of developing Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) may be decreased by:

  • Engaging in regular physical activity lowers your cholesterol to the optimal level
  • Keeping your blood pressure within normal range
  • Stopping tobacco use, including smoking
  • Lowering the quantity of fat and cholesterol in your diet

Treatment for Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, which lower blood pressure and relax blood vessels
  • Blood pressure-lowering drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers that also relax blood arteries
  • Anti-ischemic medications, like ranolazine (Ranexa)
  • Antiplatelet medications, which stop the formation of blood clots
  • Lowering the heart rate with beta-blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers, which reduce workload on the heart muscle
  • Nitrates, which cause blood vessels to expand
  • Using statins to decrease cholesterol

For treating Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD), there are several medications within each class of drugs. The best options for your situation will be determined by consulting a doctor.

If you experience any side effects from your drugs, let your doctor know right away. Your doctor most certainly has access to more effective alternative treatments.

 

Procedures to Treat Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)

Your doctor may advise a coronary angioplasty and stent placement procedure or a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery if medications alone are insufficient to relieve your severe symptoms.

Coronary angioplasty and stent placement is a catheter-based procedure to remove plaque and restore blood flow in clogged arteries.

CABG is a surgery that helps restore blood flow to the heart by routing blood flow through transplanted arteries.

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