Thyroid disease can affect a person's mood, weight and ability to work. In this article, discover the symptoms and treatments for thyroid dysfunction.
Thyroid disease is a general term for a disorder of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, just below Adam's apple. The thyroid's job is to make thyroid hormone, which is used by the body to regulate many different functions.
There are four main types of thyroid disease:
There are many different signs and symptoms of thyroid disease, and they vary depending on the individual and the severity of the condition. Some common signs and symptoms include fatigue, weight gain or loss, dry skin, hair loss, mood swings, difficulty concentrating, and changes in heart rate. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult with your doctor to determine if you have thyroid disease.
There are many ways to diagnose thyroid disease. The most common way is through a blood test. This can be done with a simple blood test that measures the level of thyroid hormone in your blood. If the levels are high, it may be an indication of hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid. If the levels are low, it may be an indication of hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid. Additional tests that could be requested include:
There are many different types of treatment for thyroid disease, depending on the specific condition. In general, however, most treatments aim to either improve the function of the thyroid gland or to reduce the levels of thyroid hormone in the body.
For hyperthyroidism, which is when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone, treatment typically involves taking medication to reduce hormone production or destroying part of the gland with surgery or radiation. For hypothyroidism, which is when the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough hormone, treatment usually involves taking synthetic thyroid hormone to replace what's missing.
Thyroid disease can also be treated with radioactive iodine, which can help shrink an overactive gland or help destroy cancerous cells. Other treatments include lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise.
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating thyroid disease, but there are many options available to patients. If you have been diagnosed with thyroid disease, it is important to work with a medical professional to create a treatment plan that is right for you. With the proper treatment, many people with thyroid disease are able to lead normal, healthy lives.
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