Sep 28, 2022
Along with cooler weather, the winter months bring with them so many illnesses that can target the whole family. Winter can be a tough time for kids as well as adults to stay healthy. Learning about the types of common winter diseases can make it easier for you to take care of yourself as well as your child when they are sick. With winters just around the corner, it is also important that we don’t forget the unpleasant side of the season, such as the dip in temperature and other related factors that can cause abundant health problems, also called winter diseases or seasonal diseases. Let’s have a look at some of the most common seasonal diseases in winter and their symptoms, prevention and tips for treatment: -
A cold is among the most common winter weather illness. The omnipresent “cold” peaks during the winter months. The common cold is a respiratory illness characterized by a stuffy and runny nose, a sore throat and a mild to severe cough. Although common colds can be infuriating, one can still continue with their usual day-to-day activities and the cold will abate in two to four days. In case it stays for a longer period than that, one would then require medical help. Common symptoms of this winter sickness usually show up within one to three days of being prone to the rhinovirus. Some of the symptoms include runny nose, congestion, sore throat, cough, sneezing, mild headache and body pain, malaise and low-gradpe fever. Over-the-counter medications suggested by a medical practitioner and nasal sprays can help ease symptoms.
Pneumonia is a life-threatening disease in which viral and bacterial infections (commonly the Streptococcus or pneumococcus bacteria) outspread in the alveoli or tiny sacs of the lungs and clog them with fluids. Therefore, pneumonia leads to shortness of breath in individuals suffering from it. The germs that give rise to pneumonia can proliferate by coughing, sneezing or touching infected objects and then immediately touching your mouth or nose after that. Some of the symptoms related to pneumonia include a cough with yellow or green mucus, chest pain, chills, high fever, and rapid and heavy breathing. Symptoms develop rapidly. Most people respond well to the treatment and generally recover in one to three weeks, but pneumonia can be very severe and even deadly if not treated when symptoms arise.
Also known as pertussis, whooping cough is a serious and highly contagious bacterial infection that largely affects infants and young children. Whooping cough is amongst the common cold weather diseases. A bacterium called Bordetella pertussis, which is spread by coughing, sneezing and even breathing, is the main source of whooping cough. This starts like common cold and progresses to coughing chokes that end with a whooping sound as you breathe. Other signs of this include fever, sneezing, runny nose and watery eyes.
The norovirus is an infectious illness that can happen to people of all ages and no matter what time of the year. However, it is a more common sickness in the winter. The virus causes diarrhea and vomiting and is hence known as the winter vomiting bug. The common symptoms of norovirus infection include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, fever and chills.
Strep throat, caused by “group A Streptococcus bacteria”, is a serious infection occurring in the throat and tonsils. It is a common illness which is caused by cold weather, mostly in children within the age group between five to fifteen years. Winter care especially for the kids is crucial to prevent this infection. Sharp pain in the throat is an evident symptom that someone with strep throat will encounter. Other signs of strep throat include fever, headache, nausea, swollen lymph nodes and vomiting.
Reducing the risk of these common diseases in the winter season starts with washing hands frequently. Remember to keep this list of recurrent winter illnesses in mind and take preventive measures. Following healthy habits and safety practices will help you to lower the chances of getting sick from the diseases caused by cold weather so that you enjoy a healthy, happy and sickness-free winter season.
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