Loader
logo
Cart Call

Home > Blog > Uric Acid Test - Purpose, Normal Range, Procedure, Preparation

Uric Acid Test - Purpose, Normal Range, Procedure, Preparation

Uric Acid Test - Purpose, Normal Range, Procedure, Preparation

Max Lab

Jun 06, 2023

If you have ever experienced a sudden and excruciating pain in your big toe or noticed swelling, redness or stiffness in your joints, then it's possible that you may be dealing with high uric acid levels. Uric acid is produced by the body as it breaks down purines found in various foods we eat and drinks we consume. While uric acid is usually excreted from our bodies through urine, sometimes high levels can lead to painful conditions like gout or kidney stones. This is where a uric acid test comes into play! In this blog post, we will explore everything you need to know about the uric acid test purpose, how to prepare for it, and what the results mean. So sit back and read on!

What is the Uric Acid Test?

The uric acid test is a simple blood test that measures uric acid levels in your blood. Uric acid is produced by the body as it breaks down purines found in certain foods and drinks, such as red meat, organ meats, seafood and alcohol.

What Does the Uric Acid Test Measure?

The uric acid test is a medical examination that measures uric acid levels in an individual's blood or urine. Uric acid is a waste product produced by the metabolic breakdown of purines, which are compounds found in many foods and drinks. This lab test is commonly used to diagnose gout, a painful condition caused by high levels of uric acid crystals forming around joints. It can also indicate other conditions such as kidney disease or heart disease if elevated levels are detected. The uric acid test may be ordered on its own or as part of a comprehensive metabolic panel that evaluates different aspects of overall health, including liver and kidney function. 

Why Is A Uric Acid Test Done?

A uric acid test is done to measure the amount of uric acid in your blood. Uric acid is a waste product produced during the breakdown of purines in your body. Purines are found in many foods, including red meat and seafood.

High levels of uric acid can lead to gout, a painful type of arthritis that occurs when crystals form in joints. A uric acid test may be done if you have symptoms such as joint pain or swelling.

In addition to diagnosing gout, a uric acid test may also be done as part of an evaluation for kidney stones or other kidney problems. High levels of uric acid can increase your risk for developing these conditions.

Who Should Get Tested For Uric Acid Test?

Uric acid test is typically done to diagnose conditions such as gout, kidney stones and other kidney disorders. However, not everyone needs to get tested for uric acid levels in their body.

People with a family history of gout or those who have experienced recurring episodes of joint pain should consider getting a uric acid test. Additionally, individuals who are overweight, consume alcohol frequently or have high blood pressure are at an increased risk of developing gout and may need to undergo this testing.

Patients taking medications that affect the level of uric acid in the body may also require monitoring through periodic uric acid tests. These medications include diuretics used to treat hypertension and certain chemotherapy drugs.

People with underlying health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease should consult their doctor about whether they need a uric acid test as these conditions can contribute to higher than normal levels of uric acid in the body.

What Are The Risks Of A Uric Acid Test?

Like any medical test, a uric acid test has its own set of risks. However, these risks are minimal and rare.

One risk associated with the test is discomfort or pain when the needle punctures your skin to draw blood. In some cases, people may feel dizzy or lightheaded after the blood sample is taken.

There's also a slight chance that bleeding can occur at the site where the needle was inserted. This could lead to bruising under your skin or swelling in your arm.

In very rare instances, an infection might develop at the site where the needle was inserted. However, this risk is extremely low since healthcare professionals always use sterile needles and equipment for every patient.

How Do I Prepare For Uric Acid Test?

Preparing for a uric acid test is fairly simple. However, it's important to follow some basic instructions to ensure accurate results.

  • Firstly, inform your healthcare provider if you're taking any medications that might affect the results of the test. Certain drugs like diuretics and aspirin can cause fluctuations in uric acid levels.
  • It's also advisable to fast for at least 4 hours prior to the test. This means you should avoid consuming food and beverages during this time frame, except for water.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids before the test is recommended as well. This helps keep you hydrated and facilitates easy blood draw.
  • Avoid strenuous exercise or physical activity on the day of testing as it may alter your uric acid levels temporarily.

Time Required For Uric Acid Test

The time required for a uric acid test is relatively short. The actual blood draw only takes a few minutes to complete, but the entire process usually lasts around 15-20 minutes.

Patients are advised to arrive at the pathology lab or medical facility early so they can fill out any necessary paperwork and provide identification information. Once that is done, the healthcare provider will take them into a private room where they will have their blood drawn from their arm.

After the sample has been collected, it will be sent to a laboratory for testing. The results of the test may be available within hours or days depending on how busy the lab is and whether there are any complications with the testing process.

Understanding The Uric Acid Test Results

After undergoing a uric acid test, it is important to understand the results and what they mean. The normal range for uric acid levels in the blood is between 3.4 and 7.2 mg/dL for men, and between 2.4 and 6.0 mg/dL for women.

If your uric acid levels are higher than the normal range, it may indicate hyperuricemia, which can increase your risk of gout or kidney stones if left untreated. However, high levels of uric acid do not always lead to these conditions.

Low levels of uric acid are less common but can also occur due to certain medical conditions or medications such as allopurinol or probenecid that reduce the production of uric acids in our body.

Uric Acid Blood Test Normal Range

Sample

Male

Female

 

 

Serum/Plasma

3.5-7.2 mg/dL

2.6-6.0 mg/dL

 

 

Uric Acid Urine Test Normal Range

Sample

Male

Female

 

 

Urine

250 - 750 mg/24 Hrs.

250 - 750 mg/24 Hrs.

 

 

Uric Acid Random Urine test normal range

Sample

Male

Normal Range

Female

Normal Range

Urine

< 40 years

9 - 63 mg/ dL

< 40 years

6 - 71 mg/ dL

≥ 40 years

6 - 114 mg/ dL

≥ 40 years

4 - 93 mg/ dL

Conclusion

To sum up, a uric acid test is a necessary tool to diagnose and monitor certain medical conditions. It is a simple procedure that can provide valuable information about your health status. Understanding the results of your uric acid test can help you and your doctor make informed decisions regarding treatment options.

 

Want to book a Blood Test?

Comments


Leave a Comment

new health articles

What is World Health Day & Its Importance

What is World Health Day & Its Importance

Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs): What Are the Symptoms of Mini-Stroke?

Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs): What Are the Symptoms of Mini-Stroke?

Early Signs and Symptoms of Skin Cancer

Early Signs and Symptoms of Skin Cancer

What Is The Stress Test? What To Expect And Why It Matters

What Is The Stress Test? What To Expect And Why It Matters

Everything You Need to Know About Blood Pressure Readings

Everything You Need to Know About Blood Pressure Readings

Myeloma Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Myeloma Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Get a Call Back from our Health Advisor

LOGIN

Get access to your orders, lab tests

OTP will be sent to this number by SMS

Not Registered Yet? Signup now.

ENTER OTP

OTP sent successfully to your mobile number

Didn't receive OTP? Resend Now

Welcome to Max Lab

Enter your details to proceed

MALE
FEMALE
OTHER